Revolutionary Routes – Bibliography

Akenson, Donald, If the Irish Ran the World, Montserrat, 1630-1730 (1997)

Akhtar, Shamima, ‘Performing Race and “Whiteness”: Ireland at World’s Fairs’, 14 May 2021 Decolonising Irish Public Heritage Conference.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, The Lies that Bind: Rethinking Identity (London, 2018)

Asmal, Louise, Asmal, Kader and Alberts, Thomas, ‘The Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement’, The Road to Democracy in South Africa, Vol. 3: International Solidarity, Part 2, pp. 353-419

Aspinall, Peter, Bryan, Conrad and Caballero, Chamion, ‘Association of Mixed Race Irish Exhibition’, online exhibition, https://mixedmuseum.org.uk/amri-exhibition/.

Beckles, Hilary Mcd., ‘A “Riotous and Unruly Lot”: Irish Indentured Servants and Freemen in the English West Indies, 1644-1713’, The W & M Quarterly, 47:3 (October, 1990), pp. 503-522

Bergin, Cathy, African American Anti-Colonial Thought, 1917-1937 (Edinburgh, 2016)

Blessingame, John W (ed.), The Frederick Douglass Paper, Series One: Speeches, Debates, and Interviews, Vol 2: 1847-54 (New Haven, 1982)

Bobetsky, Victor V.,‘The Complex Ancestry of “We Shall Overcome”’, in Bobetsky, ed, We Shall Overcome: Essays on a Great American Song (London, 2015), pp. 1-16

Brehony, Margaret, ‘Ethnic Whitening Processes and the Politics of Race, Labour, and National Identity in Colonial Cuba: A Case Study of Irish Immigrants (1818-1845)’ in Brehony and Nuala Finnegan, Ireland & Cuba: Entangled Histories (Havana, 2019), pp. 95-115.

Brennan, Martine, ‘African Americans in Irish slaveholder records, 1670-1865’, online database: https://www.enslavement-to-citizenship.com/

Browne Lawless, Valentine, Personal Recollections of the Life and Times with Extracts from the Correspondence of Valentine Lord Cloncurry (Dublin, 1849)

Burton, Gera C., Ambivalence and the Postcolonial Subject: The Strategic Alliance of Juan Francisco Manzano and Richard Robert Madden (New York: Peter Lang, 2004)

Chambers, Anne, The Great Leviathan: The Life of Howe Peter Browne, 2nd Marquess of Sligo, 1788-1845  (Dublin, 2017)

Conner, Clifford D, Colonel Despard: The Life and Times of an Anglo-Irish Rebel (Pennsylvania, 2000)

Dabiri, Emma, What White People Can Do Next: From Allyship to Coalition (London, 2020)

de Jong, Karst, The Irish in Jamaica during the Long Eighteenth Century (1698-1836), QUB PhD Thesis 2017

Devlin, Bernadette, The Price of my Soul (London, 1969)

Donlon, Anne, Archives of Transnational Modernism: Lost Networks of Art and Activism (CUNY PhD Thesis, 2014)

Dooley, Brian, Black and Green: The Fight for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland & Black America (London, 1998)

Doyle, Mark, ‘The Fisk Jubilee Singers’ Irish Tours, 1873-1876’, unpublished draft manuscript.

Draper, Nicholas, ‘Dependent on precarious subsistences’: Ireland’s Slave-owners at the Time of Emancipation’, Britain and the World, 6:2 (2013): 220-242.

Duffy, Susan, The Political Plays of Langston Hughes (Southern Illinois UP, 2000)

Evans, Damian. ‘These Off-beat “Crazy Kids and Gals”’: Jazz in Ireland, 1918-1960’, Journal of the Society for Musicology in Ireland, vol. 14 (2018-19), pp. 1-30.

Fanning, Bryan, Migration and the Making of Ireland (Dublin, 2018)

Farrell, Kevin, ‘“They Scorned US for Being What We Are”: Irish identity, Civil Rights, and rhythm and blues on Cooke’s Tour’, Journal of Popular Music Studies, 29 (2017), pp. 1-8.

Farrell, Michael, Ed, Twenty Years On (Dingle, 1988)

Ferris, Virginia, ‘“Inside of the Family Circle”: Irish and African American Interracial Marriage in New York City’s Eighth Ward, 1870’, American Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 9 (2012), pp. 151-177

Fields, Karen E., and Fields, Barbara J., Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life (London, 2016)

Foner, Eric, Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of America’s Fugitive Slaves (Oxford, 2015)

Forclaz, Amalia Ribi, Humanitarian Imperialism: The Politics of Anti-Slavery Activism, 1880-1940 (Oxford, 2015)

Gentry, Curt, Frame-up: The Incredible Case of Tom Mooney and Warren Billings (New York, 1967)

Gillis, Bernadette M., A Caribbean Coupling Beyond Black and White: The Interracial Marriage of Catherine and Edward Marcus Despard and its Implications for British Views on Race, Class, and Gender during the Age of Reform (Duke University MA Thesis, 2014

Gilroy, Paul, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double-Consciousness (Cambridge, Mass., 1993)

Gleeson, David T., ‘Introduction’, in Gleeson, ed., The Irish in the Atlantic World (Columbia, 2011)

Gleeson, David T., ‘Failing to “unite with the abolitionists”: the Irish Nationalist Press and U.S. Emancipation’, Slavery & Abolition, 37:3, 622-637.

Green, William A., ‘Race and Slavery: Considerations on the Williams Thesis’ in Solow and Engerman, British Capitalism & Caribbean Slavery: The Legacy of Eric Williams (CUP, 2004 [1987])

Hall, Stuart, Selected Writings on Race and Difference, Paul Gilroy and Ruth Wilson Gilmore, eds. (Durham, 2021)

Hart, William A., ‘Africans in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’, Irish Historical Studies (May, 2002), 33:129, pp. 19-32.

Hern, Bill and Gleave, David, ‘Mona Baptiste’, Historycal Roots, http://www.historycalroots.com/mona-baptiste/.

Hodgson, Kate, ‘Franco-Irish Saint-Domingue’, CQ, 64:3-4 (2018), pp. 434-451.

Hogan, Liam, McAtackney, Laura and Reily,  Matthew C.,‘The Irish in the Anglo-Caribbean: Servants or Slaves?’ History Ireland

Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement, Ireland and South Africa – The case against apartheid (Dublin, 1965)

Jay, Mike, The Unfortunate Colonel Despard (London, 2004)

Jenkins, Lee M., & Otto, Melanie, ‘Introduction: “The Ocean in Us’, Caribbean Quarterly, 64:3-4 (2018), 377-391.

Johnson, Robert, ‘What to Do about the Irish in the Caribbean’, Caribbean Quarterly, 64:3-4 (2018), pp. 409-433.

Joseph, Ebun, ‘Composite counterstorytelling as a technique for challenging ambivalence about race and racism in the labour market in Ireland’, Irish Journal of Sociology, 2020, 28:2, 168-191.

Joy White, Elisa, Modernity, Freedom, and the African Diaspora: Dublin, New Orleans, Paris (Indiana, 2012)

Karly Kehoe, S. Karly, ‘Colonial Collaborators: Britain and the Catholic Church in Trinidad, c. 1820-1840’, Slavery & Abolition, 2018

Kathrada, Ahmed, No Bread for Mandela: Memoirs of Ahmed Kahtrada, Prisoner No. 468/64 (Lexington, 2011)

Kinealy, Christine, Black Abolitionists in Ireland (London, 2020)

King-O’Riain, Rebecca Chiyoko, ‘How the Irish became more than white: mixed-race Irishness in historical and contemporary contexts’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 1-18

Kinshasa, Kwando M., The Man from Scottsboro: Clarence Norris and the Infamous 1931 Alabama Rape Trial, in his own Words (Jefferson, 1997)

Kinshasa, Kwando M., The Scottsboro Boys in their own Words: Selected Letters, 1931-1950 (Jefferson, 2015)

Lindfors, Bernth, Ira Aldridge: The Early Years (Rochester, 2017)

Lindfors, Bernth, ‘“Nothing extenuate, nor set down aught in malice” New Biographical Information on Ira Aldridge’, in Lindfors, ed, Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius (Rochester, 2007)

Lindfors, Bernth, ‘“Mislike Me Not for My Complexion…”: Ira Aldridge in Whiteface’, African American Review, 50:4 (Winter, 2017), pp. 1005-1012.

Linebaugh, Peter, Red Round Globe Hot Burning: A Tale at the Crossroads of Commons and Closure, of Love and Terror, of Race and Class, and of Kate and Ned Despard (Univ. of California Press, 2019)

Linebaugh, Peter, and Rediker, Marcus, The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic (Boston: Beacon Press, 2002)

More Madden, Thomas, ed., Memorials of Dr Richard Robert Madden (Dublin, 1886)

Maloka, Eddy, The South African Communist Party, 1963-1990 (Johannesburg, 2018)

Mandelblatt, Bertie, ‘A Transatlantic Commodity: Irish Salt Beef in the French Atlantic World’, HWJ, Issue 63 (2007), pp. 18-47.

Marcus, Jane, Nancy Cunard: Perfect Stranger (Liverpool, 2020)

Marques, Leonardo, The United States and the Transatlantic Slave Trade to the Americas, 1776-1867 (Yale, 2016)

Marshall, Herbert and Stock, Mildred, Ira Aldridge: The Negro Tragedian (London, 1958)

McCune Smith, James, ‘Ira Aldridge (1860)’ in Bernth Lindfors, ed, Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius (Rochester, 2007)

McMahon, Cian T., The Global Dimensions of Irish Identity: Race, Nation, and the Popular Press, 1840-1880 (Chapel Hill, 2016)

Miller, James A., Pennybacker, Susan D., and Rosenhaft, Eve, ‘Mother Ada Wright and the International Campaign to Free the Scottsboro Boys, 1931-1934’, American Historical Review, 106:2 (April, 2001), pp. 387-430.

Murphy, Angela F., ‘Slavery, Irish Nationalism, and Irish American Identity in the South, 1840-1845’, in Gleeson, The Irish in the Atlantic World (Columbia, 2011), pp. 129-153

Murray, Pauli, Proud Shoes: The Story of an American Family (1956)

Nelson, Bruce, ‘“From the Cabins of Connemara to the Kraals of Kaffirland”: Irish Nationalists, the British Empire, and the “Boer Fight for Freedom”, in Gleeson, The Irish in the Atlantic World (Columbia, 2011), pp. 154-175

Nelson, Bruce, Irish Nationalists and the Making of the Irish Race (Princeton, 2012)

Norris, Clarence and Washington, Sybil D., The Last of the Scottsboro Boys (New York, 1979)

Liliana, Obregon, ‘Empire, Racial Capitalism and International Law: The Case of Manumitted Haiti and the Recognition Debt’, Leiden Journal of International Law (2018), 31, pp. 597-615

Olsavsky, Jesse, ‘Runaway Slaves, Miltiant Abolitionists, and the Critique of American Prisons, 1830-60’, HWO, Issue 91, pp. 91-112.

Onkey, Lauren, Blackness and Transatlantic Irish Identity: Celtic Soul Brothers (London, 2010)

Oralek, Milan, Michael Harmel (1915-1974): A South African Communist and his Discourse (Victoria University of Wellington PhD Thesis, 2020)

O’Brien, Matthew J., ‘Irish America, Race, and Bernadette Devlin’s 1969 American Tour’, New Hibernia Review (Summer, 2010), Vol 14, No 2, pp. 84-101.

O’Kane, Finola, ‘The Irish-Jamaican Plantation of Kelly’s Pen, Jamaica: The Rare 1749 Inventory of Its Slaves, Stock and Household Goods’, Caribben Quarterly, 64:3-4, 452-466.

O’Neill, Ciaran, The Public History of Slavery in Dublin (Dublin, 2022)

O’Neill, Peter D, and Lloyd, David, ‘The Black and Green Atlantic: An Introduction’, in Ibid eds, The Black and Green Atlantic (London, 2009)

O’Neill, Peter D., Famine Irish and the American Racial State (London, 2017)

Pennybacker, Susan D., From Scottsboro to Munich (Princeton, 2009)

Pennybacker, Susan D., ‘Anti-apartheid Testimony: Unmaking the Histories of South African Jewish Communists’, in S. Gigliotti, J. Golomb and C. S. Gould (eds.), Ethics, Art, and Representations of the Holocaust: Essays in Honor of Berel Lang (Plymouth, 2014), pp. 121-140.

Popkin, Jeremy D., A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution (Chichester, 2012)

Power, Orla, Irish Planters, Atlantic Merchants: The Development of St. Croix, Danish West Indies, 1750 to 1766 (PhD Thesis, NUIG, 2011).

Prince, Simon, ‘“Do What the Afro-Americans Are Doing”: Black Power and the Start of the Northern Ireland Troubles’, Journal of Contemporary History, 50:3 (2015), 516-535.

Regan, Joe, ‘The Large Irish Enslavers of Antebellum Louisiana’, American Nineteenth Century History, 21:3 (2020), pp. 211-235.

Regan, Joe, ‘Irish Overseers in the Antebellum U.S. South’, Irish Historical Studies 45:168 (2021), pp. 203-222.

Rentan, Alex, Blood Legacy: Reckoning with a Family’s Enslaving Past (Edinburgh, 2021).

Riach, Douglas C., ‘Blacks and Blackface on the Irish Stage, 1830-60’, Journal of American Studies, (December 1973), &:3, pp. 231-241.

Rodgers, Nini, Ireland, Slavery and Anti-Slavery: 1612-1865 (Basingstoke, 2007)

Rosenthal, Sam. A., ‘A Folksong in Flight: Pete Seeger and the Genesis of “We Shall Overcome”’, in Bobetsky, ed, We Shall Overcome: Essays on a Great American Song (London, 2015), pp. 17-25

Rye, Howard, ‘The Southern Syncopated Orchestra’, Black Music Research Journal (2009), 29:2, pp. 153-228

Scobie, Edward, Black Britannia: A History of Blacks in Britain (Chicago, 1972)

Shaw, Jenny, Everyday Life in the Early English Caribbean: Irish, Africans, and the Construction of Difference (Athens, 2013)

Shaw, Jenny and Bock, Kirsten, ‘Subjects without an Empire: The Irish in the Early Modern Caribbean’, Past and Present. 210 (February, 2011), pp. 33-60.

Smith, David J., Young Mandela (London, 2010)

Solow, Barbara L, and Engerman, Stanley ‘British Capitalism and Caribbean Slavery: The Legacy of Eric Williams: An Introduction’ in Solow and Engerman, British Capitalism & Caribbean Slavery: The Legacy of Eric Williams (CUP, 2004 [1987])

Stovall, Tyler, White Freedom: The Racial History of an Idea (Princeton, 2021)

Suess, Barbara A., ‘Colonial Bodies and the Abolition of Slavery: A Tale of Two Cobbes’, Slavery & Abolition, 37:3, pp. 541-560.

Sweeney, Fionnghuala, ‘Common Ground: Positioning Ireland within Studies of Slavery, Anti-Slavery and Empire’, Slavery & Abolition, 37:3, pp. 505-520.

Thurman, Kira, ‘Singing the Civilizing Mission in the Land of Bach, Beethoven and Brahms: The Fisk Jubilee Singers in Ninetenth Century Germany, Journal of World History, 27:4, pp. 443-471.

Topping, Simon, ‘“The Dusky Doughboys”: Interaction between African American Soldiers and the Population of Northern Ireland during the Second World War’, Journal of American Studies, 47:4 (Nov., 2015), pp. 1131-1154.

Topping, Simon, ‘Racial Tensions and U.S. Military (In)justice in Northern Ireland during World War II’, Journal of African American History, 102 (2017), 157-183.

Waters, Hazel, ‘Ira Aldridge’s Fight for Equality’, in Bernth Lindfors, ed, Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius (Rochester, 2007)

Williams, Eric, Capitalism & Slavery (North Carolina Press, 1944)

Woods, C. J. ‘Richard Robert Madden, 1798-1886’, Dictionary of Irish Biography Entry

Image Credits

The Irish and the Haitian Revolution – Map of San Domingue (public domain)

Edward and Catherine Despard – Col Despard – National Portrait Gallery

Ira Aldridge – Ira Aldridge – National Potrait Gallery

Richard Robert Madden – The Abolition of the Slave Trade

Frederick Douglass’ return journey – Fredrick Douglass, 1848 – Chester County History Center

The Fisk Jubilee Singers – The Fisk Jubilee Singers (Fisk University, John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library, Special Collections)

The Black Atlantic and the Irish Revolution – S.S._(SS)__ROWAN_SURVIVORS_British Pathe

The Scottsboro-Mooney Tour – Scottsboro-Mooney Tour (Everett Collection)

Lady Kathleen Simon – Lady Kathleen Simon – National Portrait Gallery

Windrush and Ireland – HMT Empire Windrush (Imperial War Museum)

Michael Harmel and the Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement – Michael Harmel with Yusuf Dadoo (Courtesy of Lisa Lamb and University of the Witwatersrand)

We Shall Overcome – Civil rights March NI (Image Courtesy of the National Library of Ireland)